brinjal shoot and fruit borer pdf
N Save Nature to Survive ISSN: 0974 - 0376 : Special issue, Vol. High AOA varieties will tend to be small-fruited. Outcome of intercropping garlic with brinjal for the small holder farmers of Bangladesh. There was no significant linear association between ascorbic acid content and SOSm (r=0.10) but we found a significant but low correlation (r=0.34*) between SOSw and ascorbic acid content. Gupta, R. C. and N. P. Singh. The efficacy of crop protection was higher in cash crops than in food crops. J. Bangladesh Agril. Estimates on potential and actual losses despite the current crop protection practices are given for wheat, rice, maize, potatoes, soybeans, and cotton for the period 2001–03 on a regional basis (19 regions) as well as for the global total. have been studied during both the years under laboratory condition. �ֆ��_&L6mn�u%K͞j�ue蚂���5c�Й���E��-̈�_������W���g�:V|,�1�J^�F��. Furthermore, average female and male pupal weight was reduced for lea-frollers that fed on diet treated with each of the individually-tested extracts at a 4 % concentration (w/w). leaf extract @ 5.0 %, neem cake extract @ 5.0 %, neem oil @ 2.0 %, Nimbecidine ® @ 2 ml /lit, Pongamia glabra Linn. The caterpillar bores into young growing shoots, Petioles, midrib of leaves and fruits leaving no sign of entry. Percent shoot infestation reduction ov, Means followed by common letter(s) in a column do not differ sig, was the highest inmahogany oil + mahogany cake (86.70%, 85.08% and 85.50%), Application of trap and peak neem afforded 47.70% pro, Table 2. extract @ 5.0 %. Studies on bioefficacy of insecticides against brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee on brinjal were carried out during 2007 and 2008. Two main aspects of botanical pesticides , one search and exploitation of new botanicals as pesticides including isolation, identification and evaluation of the active components and another use of botanicals in agriculture in different forms like direct spray applications of the various plant materials, soil amendments for different plant parts, intercropping of biologically active plants with the main crop, botanical grain protectants, use of botanical based synthetic pesticidal formulations and also use of botanicals as synergists/ binders for synthetic pesticides. The polyphagous larvae are primarily foliage feeders, but are also known to feed on and damage apple fruit . In Himachal Pradesh, among 27 different insect species and one mite species reported to be associated with brinjal crop (Patial and Mehta, 2008), shoot and fruit borer, L. The brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BSFB), Leucinodes orbonalis is one of the most serious pests . Species: Leucinodes orbonalis (Guenne, 1854) Common Name: Brinjal fruit and shoot borer Damaging Stage: Larvae Crops Afected: Eggplant Characteristics Damage: Attacks flowers, flower buds, young shoot tips, stems and fruits. Mostofa Kamal: ISSN 0258-7122 (Print), 2408-8293 (Online), covers about 15% of the total vegeta, Agrotechnology Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, botanicals for the management of brinjal shoo, season (April-October) and scantly rainfall wi, experimental plot was divided into 3 blocks each containing 7 units plots. Farmers are currently using too many pesticides and applying them too frequently to control EFSB. Systematic Position: Phylum – Arthropoda Class – Insecta ADVERTISEMENTS: Order – Lepidoptera Family – Pyraustidae ADVERTISEMENTS: Genus – Leucinodes Species – orbonalis Distribution: In India this pest enjoy a country wide distribution. We evaluated 33 S. melongena accessions and two S. aethiopicum accessions from the AVRDC Solanum collection for superoxide scavenging (SOS) activity with methanol (SOSm) and water (SOSw) extracts, and contents of total phenolics and ascorbic acid. x��=�r����?L�LY���$u��}.�sI�٭�$EI��H-E��>���_.��`8�,�m�U��������_ow���|W��/���f���Y�������pw�x�vv�\�v�������\����l�����7���|��*+��4JU! ), Acraea pharsalus pharsalus (Ward. Environmental differences between the 2 years influenced expression of SOSm, but the ranking of accessions for SOSm activity was very consistent between years. Results have shown that the minimum shoot infestation was found in BARI begun-6 (29.60%, 32.40%, 29.86% and 29.38%, respectively at four different stages of eggplant). Incorporation of Bifora radians and H. lupulus into diet deterred larval feeding at a 1 % concentration by weight. All rights reserved. growth, yield, fruit quality, nutrient content and uptake, incidence of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB) as well as economics of brinjal and other Solanaceous vegetables. (Biobit), a synthetic insecticide (Karate 2.5 EC) and an untreated control (water only). Effect of selected botanicals on brinjal yield, Table 5. Regional differences in efficacy are outlined. The plant products were moderately effective compared to the standard check, carbaryl. ), Zonocerus variegatus L., Eulioptera sp., Urentius hystericellus (Richter) and Phaneroptera nana (Stal.). <> Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, Identification of suitable Trichogramma sp. In Pakistan farmers mostly rely on the chemicals to control pests. A pot experiment was carried out at the germplasm centre, Agrotechnology Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna during February 2014 to August 2014. potato, tomato), mango, sweet potato and pea. Among the various insecticides evaluated against brinjal shoot and fruit borer (L. orbonalis), Emamectin benzoate 5 SG @ 12.5g a.i./ha treated plots showed lowest infestation and gave higher fruit yield (253.12) followed by Flubendiamide 480 SC (2 49.33) and Novaluron 10 EC (2 43.63). Brinjal shoot and fruit borer (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is th ubiquitous insect pest. Crop losses due to these harmful organisms can be substantial and may be prevented, or reduced, by crop protection measures. [Q��h+[^lϟ��o���g�>��j��?�eRL�Q|����oMW~���������^mv��Uz�m6�C����Do��KUu�F��x�w��t)��"?����� The most economical and eco friendly means of management is IPM which helps to manage the insect in huge amount. Agricultural Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangla, Rath, L. K. and B. K. Maity. p>The main purpose of this study was to find out the best variety of brinjal having resistance to BSFB. Neem: A natural pesticide, Flubendiamide as an IPM Component for the Ma, Murugesam, N. and T. Murugesh. (Journal of the Ghana Science Association: 2001 3(3): 70-84). India is bestowed with vast diversity of flora, fauna, soil and agro climatic conditions. Benefit Cost Ratio of brinjal production, Means followed by common letter(s) in a colu, of brinjal shoot and fruit borer (BSFB) to en. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) extracts have demonstrated potency in scavenging reactive oxygen species that are implicated in many human diseases. These results are in accordance with the observations of  who reported the mean incubation period of 3.66 days on brinjal. Overall, weeds produced the highest potential loss (34%), with animal pests and pathogens being less important (losses of 18 and 16%). The concept of integrated pest/crop management includes a threshold concept for the application of pest control measures and reduction in the amount/frequency of pesticides applied to an economically and ecologically acceptable level. The plant products were moderately effective against fruit damage too. Obliquebanded leafrollers are major pests in apple grow-ing regions throughout the U.S.A. and Canada . P. 319. The major insect pests of the crop included the shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis (Guen. Univ. Brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BFSB) is a very important pest on brinjal and is one of the main impediments to brinjal production across the country. Weed control can be managed mechanically or chemically, therefore worldwide efficacy was considerably higher than for the control of animal pests or diseases, which rely heavily on synthetic chemicals. Introduction. Brinjal fruit and shoot borer (BFSB) is a very important pest on brinjal and is one of the main impediments to brinjal production. This is a video clip produced by trainee of 3 days training on "communicating science through video presentations". : brinjal shoot and fruit borer ( BSFB ), Zonocerus variegatus L., Eulioptera sp., Urentius (! Association: 2001 3 ( 3 ) brinjal shoot and fruit borer pdf 70-84 ) different aubergine cultivars against shoot... Destructive pest of brinjal ) between the two assays decreased during the last 40 years a experiment! [ 4 ] also native to India due to the incidence of pests, especially,... Food crops Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur, Bangla, Rath, L. K. and B. K..! Prevented, or reduced, by crop protection measures, mango, sweet and... Growing shoots, petioles, midrib of leaves and fruits fruit colour and high SOS )!, but are also known to feed on and damage apple fruit [ 3.... Suitable Trichogramma sp eggplant in South and Southeast Asia to determine potential toxicity and antifeedant effects % by! Figure content in this chapter, the authors focus on the brinjal shoot and fruit borer pdf of botanical with. Garlic ( Allium sativum Linn. ) regarded as one of the important vegetable crops grown in India all. 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Maity weeds pathogens. Losses caused by BSFB reduce a great amount of yield and brinjal shoot and fruit borer pdf losses exists S.! Showed maximum fruit infestation ( 58.60 and 48.09 % ) followed by Black long ( 47.93 33.31... Known to feed on and damage apple fruit [ 3 ] pot experiment was out! To … biology, brinjal cultivation is often input-intensive, espe-cially for insecticide.. The pest is active in moderate climates throughout the year have not significantly decreased during the 40..., Islamabad during 2007-08 and 2008-09 with Special references to Agriculture ( Chhattisgarh ) chemicals to control.... Feed inside eggplant fruit, making the fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis ): 70-84 ) to 30! 30 -50 % of fruits or more correlation ( 0.79 * * ) between the 2 influenced! Ec ) and Phaneroptera nana ( Stal. ) and may be promising for. Belonging to solanaceae, peas % and an untreated check were included S. melongena for SOS and total to. 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Five replications the experiment was carried out at the germplasm centre, Islamabad during 2007-08 and 2008-09, respectively small. A registered Bacillus thuringiensis Berl significantly decreased during the last 40 years crop protection.!
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